- Crimes Occurring in the Madrid Consular District
- Crimes Occurring in the Barcelona Consular District
To report you have been the victim of a crime, please call +34 915 872 200 or email askACS@state.gov.
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, sexual assault is “any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.” If you are a victim of a sexual assault:
- Try to get to a safe place, far away from the aggressor.
- Contact someone who can help you, such as a friend, family member, or the police. You can contact the police in Spain by calling 112.
If you are the victim of a sexual assault in Madrid:
- If you need urgent medical attention: Call 112, ask for an English-speaking operator, and explain your situation. 112 operators will direct you to the closest police station or medical facility to assist you.
- If you decide to report the assault: You must go to a specialized police station. For assaults that happened in Madrid, you may go to UFAM, which is a specialized Spanish National Police unit that handles sexual assault and rape. The best office for reporting sexual assaults in Madrid is located at Calle Dr. Federico Rubio y Gali 55 – Tel.: +34-91-322-3554. It is open 24 hours per day, seven days per week. You may request an English-language interpreter at the police station at any time. Reporting a sexual assault may take a long time. If possible, have someone accompany you through the reporting process.
- What to expect at the police station: Reporting a sexual assault at the police station means you give a statement about the assault to a police officer (male or female, depending on availability). The officer may ask questions to clarify any part of the report. Read the report carefully and sign it only when it says what you want it to say. After you have given your statement, you will be informed in writing of your rights as a sexual assault victim, next steps in the process, and will be taken to the La Paz Hospital for a sexual assault forensic exam. In some cases, over the next few days, you may be required to participate in a crime scene walkthrough, lineup identification, or confirm your statement in front of an investigating judge. If you have any questions about the process, please contact the Embassy at +34-91-587-2200 or by email at askACS@state.gov.
- What to expect at the hospital: In Madrid, victims of sexual assault are typically taken to the La Paz hospital located at Paseo Castellana 261 after reporting the crime. La Paz Hospital will not perform a sexual assault forensic exam unless the assault has already been reported to the police. This procedure may be different outside of Madrid, and you should consult with the local police by calling 112 before going to the hospital. The hospital should treat you for any injuries that you may have suffered and should conduct blood tests and a gynecological examination. The reports of the medical examination may become part of the criminal investigation, as forensic evidence. The examination may take a significant amount of time and include periods of waiting. Experts recommend not to shower or wash clothes to preserve evidence after a sexual assault. At La Paz Hospital in Madrid, the medical examination, any follow-up visits, all tests, and any medication will be provided free of charge.
- Medical attention when you do not want to report to the police: You may seek free medical attention related to a sexual assault at certain clinics in Madrid, for example at Centro Sandoval, located at Calle Sandoval 7 (open Monday – Friday 8:30 a.m. to 12 noon without an appointment). Please note that these clinics will provide treatment for injuries related to the assault, but will not perform a sexual assault forensic exam.
- Criminal justice system: The U.S. and Spanish legal systems are very different. Unlike in the United States, in Spain, a court and a judge will become involved in most cases from the beginning. The investigating judge (juez de instrucción) is similar to a prosecutor in the United States. You may be asked to appear in front of this judge to confirm your statement at an early stage of the case. After the phase with the investigating judge, the case may be tried. The trial will take place in a different court, with a panel of three judges or a jury. As a victim, you do are not required to retain an attorney, but Spanish law allows for that possibility. If you do retain one, the attorney will be able to inform you of the different motions and steps in the procedure. You can find a list of English-speaking attorneys here. There are some advocacy organizations that will help you, at no cost, to navigate the judicial system. Their resources are limited and they may not have English speakers on staff at all times. In Madrid, you may reach CIMASCAM, at Doctor Santero, 12, Tel.: +34 915 340 922.
- Contact us: Call the Embassy at +34-91-587-2200 and we will direct you to local resources that can best help you. This number is answered 24/7, year-round. We publish a list of English-speaking doctors, attorneys, and translators on our website who may be of assistance. If you have any questions about the process, next steps, or other issues that do not require an immediate response, email us at askACS@state.gov and we will get back to you the next working day.
If you are a victim of a sexual assault outside of the areas mentioned above:
For victims outside of Madrid, the process will be very similar to the steps listed above. However, you will have to work with the local police to identify the best place to report the crime and complete a sexual assault forensic exam. In rural areas or small towns, you may have to report the crime to EMUME (Equipo de Mujeres y Menores), which is a unit similar to UFAM, but is part of the Guardia Civil. Call 112 to obtain guidance on where to report the assault in your area. If you have any questions about the process, or need assistance, please do not hesitate to contact the Embassy at +34-91-587-2200 or by email at askACS@state.gov